When Does Passover Start? Exploring the Dates and Traditions

Passover, one of the most significant Jewish festivals, holds great importance and historical significance for the Jewish community worldwide. This annual holiday commemorates the liberation of the Hebrews from slavery in ancient Egypt, as depicted in the Exodus story. Passover is marked by a range of traditions, rituals, and customs that have been passed down through generations.

In this blog post, we will delve into the question that often arises: when does Passover start? We will explore the dates of Passover, the intricacies of the Hebrew calendar, and the factors that determine the start of this festival. Additionally, we will take a closer look at the preparations involved and the various traditions and customs observed during Passover.

Join us on this journey to gain a deeper understanding of Passover, its significance, and the timeless traditions that make it a cherished time for Jewish families around the world.

What is Passover

What is Passover

Passover, also known as Pesach in Hebrew, is a significant Jewish festival that commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt. It holds immense importance in Jewish culture and is celebrated for eight days, starting on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan.

At the heart of Passover lies the compelling story of the Exodus, which recounts how Moses led the enslaved Israelites out of Egypt after a series of ten devastating plagues. The tale of their liberation resonates with themes of resilience, faith, and freedom, making Passover one of the most treasured holidays in the Jewish calendar.

During this joyous festival, Jews around the world come together to honor their ancestors’ journey by engaging in various rituals, traditions, and customs. The primary focus of Passover is to retell the story of Exodus and transmit its significance to future generations.

The central element of Passover is the Seder, a special ceremonial meal that takes place on the first two nights of the holiday. Families gather around the table to recite the Haggadah, a text that narrates the Exodus story while guiding participants through the ritual feast. Symbolic foods such as matzah (unleavened bread), bitter herbs, and charoset (a mixture of fruits, nuts, and wine) are consumed, each carrying profound meaning rooted in the Exodus narrative.

Passover also entails dietary restrictions, particularly the avoidance of chametz, which refers to any leavened products made from wheat, barley, rye, oats, or spelt. The removal of chametz from homes symbolizes the haste with which the Israelites fled Egypt, leaving no time for their bread to rise.

Beyond the Seder, Passover is a time for introspection, gratitude, and spiritual reflection. It serves as a reminder of the hardships endured by the Israelites and the gratitude they felt upon their liberation. The themes of freedom, justice, and human rights resonate strongly during this festival, encouraging individuals to connect with the values it represents.

Passover not only celebrates a historical event but also holds relevance in contemporary Jewish life. It serves as an opportunity for families and communities to forge strong bonds, pass down traditions to younger generations, and reinforce Jewish identity and values.

In conclusion, Passover is a cherished Jewish festival that commemorates the ancient Exodus story and the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. Through meaningful rituals, traditions, and the retelling of the Haggadah, Jews worldwide come together to honor their past, strengthen familial ties, and reflect on the enduring themes of freedom and faith.

The Dates of Passover

The Hebrew Calendar

The Hebrew Calendar

The Hebrew calendar plays a crucial role in determining the dates of various Jewish holidays, including Passover. Unlike the Gregorian calendar that follows the solar year, the Hebrew calendar is a combination of both lunar and solar elements. This unique fusion allows for the synchronization of religious observances with the natural cycles of the moon and the seasons.

At its core, the Hebrew calendar is primarily based on lunar months. Each month begins with the sighting of the new moon, known as Rosh Chodesh. The length of a lunar month is approximately 29.5 days, resulting in a total of 354 days in a lunar year. However, this falls short of the solar year’s duration of about 365.25 days.

To bridge this gap between lunar and solar cycles, the Hebrew calendar incorporates a leap month called Adar II or Ve-Adar. This additional month is inserted seven times over a 19-year cycle, known as the Metonic cycle. By doing so, the Hebrew calendar aligns itself closely with the solar year, ensuring that festivals such as Passover always occur during the appropriate season.

While the Hebrew calendar follows a lunar-based system, it also considers the solar aspect by incorporating adjustments to maintain consistency. This lunar-solar interplay allows for the flexibility necessary to uphold the religious traditions associated with specific holidays, like Passover, which require adherence to both lunar and seasonal cycles.

Understanding the Hebrew calendar is not only important for determining the start of Passover but also for comprehending the significance of other Jewish festivals throughout the year. The intricate balance between lunar and solar influences highlights the deep-rooted connection between Judaism and nature, fostering a profound sense of timekeeping and spiritual devotion.

Overall, the Hebrew calendar serves as a testament to the harmonious blend of ancient traditions and astronomical observations. Its ability to synchronize the lunar and solar aspects provides an essential framework for religious observances, ensuring that Passover and other Jewish holidays occur at the appropriate moments in both the lunar and seasonal cycles. By appreciating the complexity of the Hebrew calendar, we can gain a deeper understanding of the rich cultural heritage and religious practices associated with Passover and its place within the Jewish faith.


  • “The Jewish Calendar” by Sacha Stern (Oxford Bibliographies)
  • “Jewish Time: A Study in Cycles and Seasonality” by Hayyim Schauss

Determining the Start Date

Determining the Start Date

The start date of Passover is determined through a combination of passover calculation, Jewish law, and astronomical events such as the full moon and spring equinox. This process ensures that Passover begins at the appropriate time according to the Hebrew calendar.

Passover Calculation

Passover follows the lunar-based Hebrew calendar, which consists of alternating months of 29 and 30 days. This calendar is based on the cycles of the moon, with each new month beginning with the appearance of the new moon. The Hebrew calendar also incorporates elements from the solar calendar to keep the holidays aligned with the seasons.

Jewish Law

According to Jewish law, Passover must begin on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan. However, this can vary depending on certain factors. Jewish law mandates that Passover cannot begin on certain days of the week, such as Friday or Sunday, to avoid conflicting with the Sabbath. If the 15th of Nisan falls on one of these restricted days, the start of Passover is postponed by one day.

Full Moon and Spring Equinox

The timing of Passover is also influenced by astronomical events such as the full moon and the spring equinox. Traditionally, Passover begins on the night of the first full moon after the vernal equinox. The vernal equinox marks the official start of spring when day and night are approximately equal in length. By aligning Passover with the full moon and the start of spring, it symbolizes the rebirth and renewal associated with the holiday.

To calculate the precise start date of Passover, a complex formula combining all these factors is used. This involves determining the occurrence of the new moon, verifying its visibility, checking for any restrictions imposed by Jewish law, and aligning it with the spring equinox. Rabbis and religious authorities play a crucial role in performing these calculations and making the final determination.

For example, if the full moon occurs on a Sunday, and the 15th day of Nisan falls on a Friday, the start of Passover is postponed to the following Monday. This ensures that the holiday is observed correctly according to Jewish tradition.

Understanding the intricate process behind determining the start date of Passover adds a deeper appreciation for the significance and authenticity of this important Jewish festival. It demonstrates how ancient traditions harmonize with astronomical events and religious laws to create a meaningful and spiritually rich celebration.

By following these calculated guidelines, families and communities can come together to observe Passover at the appropriate time each year, honoring their heritage and commemorating the Exodus story. The precision and attention to detail involved in determining the start date showcases the meticulousness and spirituality that are integral parts of the Passover observance.

Passover Preparation

Passover Preparation

Passover, one of the most significant Jewish festivals, is a time of reflection, remembrance, and celebration. As the holiday approaches, meticulous preparations are made to ensure a meaningful and kosher observance. Passover preparation involves various rituals and practices aimed at removing leavened products (chametz) from the household and creating a clean, chametz-free environment.

Cleaning for Passover

Before the start of Passover, many Jewish families engage in a thorough cleaning process known as “spring cleaning.” This tradition serves both practical and symbolic purposes. On a practical level, it ensures that any traces of chametz are eliminated from the home. Symbolically, it represents a fresh start and the removal of spiritual impurities.

The cleaning process involves meticulously scouring every nook and cranny of the house to remove any potential chametz. This includes cleaning out cupboards, pantries, and even appliances to eliminate any crumbs or leavened substances. It’s not uncommon for families to dismantle furniture and scrub hard-to-reach areas in their quest for a chametz-free home.

Removing Leavened Products

Apart from cleaning, the next crucial step in Passover preparation is the removal of all leavened products from the premises. This includes bread, pasta, cereals, and anything else that contains leavening agents. The Jewish law prohibits the possession or consumption of chametz during Passover, making it essential to rid the home of these items.

To avoid waste, many families opt to either donate their non-perishable chametz items to charity or sell them to non-Jewish neighbors or friends who will keep them until after Passover. This transaction, called “selling chametz,” allows for the temporary transfer of ownership to a non-Jew for the duration of the festival.

Additional Preparations

In addition to cleaning and removing chametz, there are other preparations to consider for a meaningful Passover observance. This may include purchasing kosher-for-Passover products, such as matzah (unleavened bread), wine, and specific ingredients required for the Seder meal. It is important to check if these products bear the appropriate kosher certification for Passover.

Some families also take the opportunity to replace cooking utensils, pots, and pans used throughout the year with separate Passover-specific ones. This ensures that no remnants of chametz are inadvertently transferred during food preparation.

Passover preparation serves as a reminder of the Israelites’ haste to leave Egypt, where they did not have time to let their bread rise. By following these meticulous practices, Jewish individuals and families honor their ancestors’ journey and create a sacred space for the holiday.

In conclusion, Passover preparation involves extensive cleaning, removing leavened products, and making necessary arrangements to ensure a kosher and meaningful observance. These traditions not only foster a sense of spiritual purity but also bring families together to prepare for one of the most significant festivals in the Jewish calendar.

Passover Traditions and Customs

Passover Traditions and Customs

Passover, also known as Pesach in Hebrew, is a significant Jewish holiday that commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt. The traditions and customs associated with Passover are rich in symbolism and serve as a way to retell the story of the Exodus while honoring the history and cultural heritage of the Jewish people.

One of the most central and beloved Passover traditions is the Seder meal. The word “Seder” means “order” in Hebrew, and it refers to the specific order of rituals and blessings that are performed during the festive meal. The Seder is typically held on the first two nights of Passover and brings families and friends together to recount the tale of the Exodus through a symbolic retelling using various elements.

During the Seder, several traditional foods are enjoyed, each holding its own significance. One such food is matzah, unleavened bread that represents the haste in which the Israelites fled Egypt, without time for their dough to rise. Matzah is meticulously prepared and consumed throughout the duration of Passover. Its simple, cracker-like texture serves as a reminder of the hardships endured by the Jewish people during their journey to freedom.

Another essential element of the Seder is the Haggadah, a text that contains the story of the Exodus and guides participants through the rituals and blessings of the evening. The Haggadah provides a structured framework to ensure that the retelling of the story remains consistent and meaningful across generations. It is often beautifully illustrated and may include additional commentaries, songs, and prayers, adding depth and richness to the Seder experience.

The Seder itself follows a specific order of 15 steps, which include blessings, storytelling, and the consumption of symbolic foods. Each step has its own purpose and significance, creating a cohesive narrative that connects participants to their ancestors and reminds them of the importance of freedom, gratitude, and community.

Passover traditions and customs extend beyond the Seder meal. Observant Jews meticulously clean their homes to remove any trace of chametz, leavened products that are prohibited during Passover. This cleaning process, known as “spring cleaning,” is symbolic of removing not only physical leavened foods but also metaphorical “leaven” or negative influences from one’s life.

Throughout Passover, certain dietary restrictions are followed. In addition to abstaining from chametz, many Jews refrain from consuming grains such as wheat, barley, rye, oats, and spelt. Instead, they enjoy a variety of dishes made with matzah meal, potato starch, and other permissible ingredients.

Passover traditions and customs vary among different Jewish communities and individual families, allowing for personal interpretations and unique practices. However, the core elements of the Seder meal, the significance of matzah, the retelling of the Exodus story through the Haggadah, and the cleansing of chametz remain integral aspects of Passover celebrations worldwide.

By observing these traditions and customs, Jews worldwide connect to their shared history, affirm their identity, and renew their commitment to freedom, justice, and communal responsibility. Passover serves as a time of reflection, gratitude, and celebration, reminding all who participate of the enduring strength and resilience of the Jewish people.

So, as you partake in the Passover festivities and experience the cherished traditions and customs, remember the ancient story of liberation and the lessons it imparts. May your Passover be filled with joy, meaning, and an appreciation for the rich tapestry of Jewish heritage.



Passover is not only a significant Jewish holiday but also a joyous celebration that holds deep historical and cultural importance. This eight-day festival commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt as described in the Exodus story.

During Passover, families gather to retell the story of the Israelites’ journey to freedom through a special meal called the Seder. The Seder is filled with symbolic foods, prayers, and readings from the Haggadah, a book that guides participants through the narrative and rituals of the evening. It is a time for reflection, gratitude, and unity among family and friends.

The Passover celebration is marked by various customs and traditions that have been passed down through generations. One of the most well-known customs is the restriction on consuming leavened products or chametz. This symbolizes the haste in which the Israelites left Egypt, not having enough time for their bread to rise. Instead, unleavened bread known as matzah is eaten throughout the festival.

In addition to abstaining from chametz, there are other traditional practices observed during Passover. These include thoroughly cleaning homes to remove any traces of leavened products, conducting a special search for hidden chametz, and observing specific dietary restrictions.

Passover is a time of remembrance, faith, and community. It provides an opportunity for individuals to connect with their heritage and reflect on the significance of freedom and redemption. For Jewish people around the world, this holiday serves as a reminder of the strength and resilience of their ancestors and the enduring values of justice and liberation.

Whether it’s participating in the Seder, sharing the Passover story with loved ones, or engaging in acts of charity and kindness, Passover is a time to celebrate and embrace the rich traditions that have been passed down for centuries. By honoring the past, Jewish communities come together to create meaningful experiences that deepen their connection to their faith and history.

As we conclude, it is worth acknowledging the immense importance of Passover as a cornerstone of Jewish culture. Beyond its religious significance, this festival serves as a reminder of the enduring legacy of the Jewish people and their unwavering commitment to freedom and justice.

Join in the Passover celebration and experience the richness of traditions that have been cherished for generations – creating lasting memories and a deeper understanding of Jewish heritage.
The celebration of Passover holds deep significance for Jewish people around the world. It marks the liberation of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery and serves as a reminder of their journey to freedom. In this blog post, we have explored the dates of Passover, the traditions and customs associated with it, and the preparations that go into commemorating this important holiday.

Passover follows the Hebrew calendar and typically begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan. The exact start date varies each year but is always rooted in ancient calculations and Jewish law. From cleaning homes and removing leavened products to partaking in the symbolic Seder meal and consuming unleavened bread, or matzah, Passover is a time of reflection and remembrance.

Through the retelling of the Exodus story and the recitation of the Haggadah, families and communities come together to honor their history, reaffirm their faith, and pass down traditions from generation to generation. The Seder meal itself is filled with symbolism and rituals, creating a deeply meaningful experience for all who participate.

As we conclude this exploration of Passover, it is essential to recognize the enduring relevance of this festival. Beyond its religious and cultural importance, Passover serves as a universal reminder of the power of resilience, hope, and the pursuit of freedom. It invites us to reflect on our own journeys, acknowledge the challenges we have faced, and embrace the potential for liberation in our lives.

So, as we approach the start of Passover, let us remember the lessons embedded within this holiday. Let us cherish the time spent with loved ones, engage in traditions that connect us to our past, and extend compassion and empathy to those seeking their own liberation. May the spirit of Passover inspire us all to strive for personal growth, social justice, and a brighter future.

Wishing you a meaningful and joyous Passover celebration. Chag Pesach Sameach!

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